Hip dysplasia is a development issue of the hip socket whereby it doesn’t form correctly.

hip dysplasia

What is Hip Dysplasia?

The hip joint consists of a ball and a socket. Sometimes the hip socket does not form fully during childhood. As a result, the ball does not fit normally into the socket, and abnormal movements can occur around the hip. This may cause tears to soft tissue structures around the hip (labral tears) and eventually arthritis.


What are the symptoms of Hip Dysplasia?

Hip dysplasia may cause pain in the groin, thigh or buttock. It may be associated with a clicking sensation and in severe cases, the hip may feel unstable. In small children and babies, limping may be seen with pain evident and in some cases uneven leg length.


How is Hip Dysplasia diagnosed?

An x-ray is required to make the diagnosis. An MRI or CT scan may be necessary to assess the need for surgery.


How is Hip Dysplasia treated?

If symptoms are mild then painkillers and physiotherapy may be advised. Operations may be offered for more severe symptoms. Depending on how underdeveloped the socket is, and whether there is arthritis (wear and tear changes), potential operations may include keyhole surgery to repair labral tears, bone realignment operations or total hip replacement.

If you or someone you know is experiencing pain in their hip or difficulty with mobility and would like a consultant-led review, please contact us. Grosvenor Orthopaedics have extensive experience in both conservative and surgical treatment of hip dysplasia with excellent patient outcomes.